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Romania Location


Situated at the crossroad of the most important economic roads, Romania, was part of the main monetary unions, Greek, roman, Byzantine, Austro-Hungarian, Ottoman, etc.
During the 20th century, Romania was one of the most dynamic countries in the study of monetary history and numismatics, and developed links with the Latin Mediterranean countries, principally, Italy and France.
Suffering from the scientific isolation during the communist regime, the Romanian scholars contributed to a complete recent renewal of the studies and are involved in international cooperative programs.

The country will join very soon the Euroland. Scientists have now to reply to the questions of the population concerning the past monetary unions. The COST network will take place at a very specific moment for the Romanian Nation, Bank and monetary system.

Institute of Archaeology Vasile Pârvan of the Romanian Academy, Bucharest.

logo Vasile ParvanSince 1956; previously National Museum of Antiquities, established in 1834. It is the main institution specialized in archaeological research in Romania, in collaboration with museums and universities. The Coin Room owns a rich collection of antique, byzantine, medieval, Islamic and modern coins, medals, seals and weights. › See letter of support (.pdf) › Website

Eugen Nicolae Dr. Eugen Nicolae Senior researcher (b. 1955), head of the Coin Room, scientific deputy director of the Institute. Main research field : Islamic numismatics (Golden Horde and Ottoman Empire). Other research fields : antique, byzantine, medieval and modern numismatics.
Being interested on some periods of monetary unification in Europe (roman, byzantine, ottoman), which are studied in many European research centers, the COST project will permit to integrate the monetary finds of Romania in a wider European context. › Personal Page

Watch this short presentation by Eugen Nicolae ›

Aurel Vilcu Dr. Aurel VîlcuResearcher (b. 1973), Coin Room, the “Vasile Pârvan” Institute of Archaeology of the Romanian Academy in Bucharest. Main research field : Greek, Roman and Byzantine numismatics. Other research fields : Medieval and Modern numismatics in South-Eastern Europe.
     The COST project is important for me because I have the opportunity to work into a large European network where I can meet scholars with similar research fields. › Personal Page

Theodor Isvoranu Theodor Isvoranu (b. 1974). Researcher at the Coin Room of the Archaeological Institute Vasile Pârvan. Main research field: ancient and byzantine numismatics. Other research fields: medieval and modern numismatics. The COST project gives me a great opportunity to participate to a complex research network, in order to contribute to the reconstitution of the political and economic status of the Central-Eastern Europe in the Ancient and Byzantine Ages, particularly by studying the monetary circulation and coinage in the Lower Danube region, viewed in relation with the similar processes in the Central European, Mediterranean and Black Sea areas.

Institute of Archaeology of the Romanian Academy, Cluj.

Romanian Academy LogoIn the early days of 1990 began the process of rebirth of the Romanian Academy, National Institute of reference for Romanian science and culture founded in 1866. Former Romanian Academy research institutes affiliated with universities, have returned to their former status, under the jurisdiction of the highest scientific and cultural country.
The Cluj Archaeology and Art History Institute of the Romanian Academy, was established in March 3, 1990 by a government decision.

The institute is involved in fundamental research in the field of archeology, numismatics, ancient history of the Romanians and Romanian medieval art history. The Institute is involved in coordinating the main national archaeological projects, but also collaborates in international projects.

The members of the Institute have undertook excavations to the largest sites of Romania: Dacian citadels, The capital of Roman Dacia Sarmizegetusa Ulpia Traiana, Potaissa, Porolissum, Bologa, Buciumi, Ilişua, Alba Iulia, etc. Also the Institute is editing the series of the numismatica corpora of the Roman sites and Roman coins collections from Romania (ed. Cristian Gazdac). › See letter of support (.pdf) › Website

Cristian Gazdac Dr Cristian GazdacI am currently working as a researcher on Ancient Numismatics and History at the Institute of Archaeology and Art History of the Romanian Academy in Cluj-Napoca, Romania.
At the same time, I am also working as a government expert in the commissions regarding the trafficking antiquities, as Romania has proved to be one of the most targeted country in the world in smuggling antiquities.
After defending my PhD thesis at the University of Oxford I have returned to Romania in order to bring my contribution to the development of scientific research in the country. In the last years I have established and developed a series of numismatic corpora regarding the Roman coin finds and collections of Roman coins from the most important sites in Romania. On this way I try to bring Romania at the highest level of research worldwide as it has been already done for other countries in Western Europe.
For this reason I am totally grateful to the COST project that it will entirely help me, and not only me, to “speak” the same language of research with my colleagues abroad. Through COST project we can have the excellent opportunity to come as a work team to convergent directions: those who bring new material to be researched and those who already have the experience to work with such material. At the same time, within the COST project we will all get the chance not only to present our latest results but also to receive a feed back to them and stay updated with the information in our field of research. › Personal Page

National History Museum of Transylvania, Cluj-Napoca.

The National History Museum of Transylvania is the heir of the first museum association from Transylvania, the Association of the Transylvanian Museum, established in 1859. Under its patronage collections of antiquities (24,000 artefacts and coins), botanics, zoology and mineralogy were set up. In 1872 all these collections were transferred to the university established ion the same year. After the Union of 1918 the collection of Antiquities was administrated by the Institute of Classical studies. In 1962 the History Museum is established as an official institution and 1994 is raised to the rank of National Museum.

Nowadays, the museum holds over 400,000 objects with numerous artefacts of unique statute and high value. The numismatic collection contains over 100,000 pieces from the oldest coins to nowadays bank notes.
In 1999 the treasure room was open for the public.

Agnes Alfoldy Dr Agnes Alföldy-GazdacI am currently working as the keeper of ancient and Byzantine Coin Collection of the National History Museum of Transylvania from Cluj-Napoca, Romania.
I am also in the final stage of my PhD thesis, which is also focused on numismatics and the individual and collective mentalities in Roman times, meaning how far the Romans did the Romans understand the myth of passing in the afterlife, and how much was the pragmatism dominating such believes.
This museum is the oldest one established in Transylvania, since 1869! From the beginnings till nowadays the numismatic collection I am in charge with has reached the number of over 20,000 pieces: coins, medallions, hoards. From 2004 we managed to open the Treasure Room where we have gathered the most sensational products of numismatics that the museum holds. Still, from the point of view of experience and art of display for a numismatic collection we are at the beginning of implementing new ideas and concepts into the Romanian society, both scholars and the non-specialist public.
That it is way through COST program we can make our Tasks to become reality, as this program involves the highest names in this field and allow me to get directly in contact with these persons and this will be for the benefit of our collection and museum from where we can spread this knowledge throughout the country.

Watch this short presentation by Agnes Alföldy-Gazdac ›

The “Babes-Bolyai” University at Cluj-Napoca (UBB).

The “Babes-Bolyai” University logo This is the oldest university in modern Romania, having been founded by the Jesuits in 1581. After a rather troubled history, in modern democratic Romania (after 1990) it became the greatest university in size. It is also the unique multi-cultural university in Eastern Europe, teaching in Romanian, Hungarian and German as well.
The “Babes-Bolyai” University is a stately one and has 21 faculties. Its staff counts some 1700 teachers and 285 research fellows; the number of the students exceeds 50,000. There are today working several studying programs, for license and masters (248 in Romanian, 94 in Hungarian, 19 in German, 36 in English and 9 in French), and doctoral programs, too. One has to take into account the University’s Library (the largest in Romania) and other facilities : laboratories, research unities, the Botanic Garden, several museums, good possibilities for the accommodation of the students, a park and a basis for sports etc. In the last 10 years, more than 5000 of its students won scholarships abroad. › Website

The Faculty of History and Philosophy.

The Faculty of History and Philosophy logo It has two Departments –History and Philosophy– including 8 Chairs (Ancient History and Archaeology, Medieval History and Historiography, Modern History, Contemporary History and International Relations, Art History in the first, respectively Systematic Philosophy, History of the Philosophy and Logics, History of Ancient and Medieval Philosophy in the second one). Inside of these are functioning also several research centers or autonomous institutes.
The staff of the faculty includes 86 teachers of several academic degrees. It offers qualifications for the following specialties : history, archaeology, art history, archive science, library and information science, Jewish studies, ethnology, international relations and European studies, security management, philosophy. Now there are 1522 students in the 10 license specializations (3 years) and 15 masters specializations (2 years). The Faculty organizes also doctoral training and support of doctoral dissertations in the both departments. › Website

Radu Ardevan Conf. dr. Radu ArdevanBetween 1979 and 1992, as field archaeologist, I performed some rescue excavations in Romano-Dacian sites as well, and later I published their results or studied discovered artifacts, including old Christian items. But my main researches are dealing with the Roman civilization in Dacia seen through the epigraphy. They focused on the municipal life and social structure of Roman Dacia, on onomastics and legal status of its people; for these goals I red and restored numerous inscriptions. One more field, that I am interested and competent in, is the ancient numismatics; I classified and published ancient coins from Dacia, and also I studied hoards or monetary circulation (from 1982 to 1992 I worked also as keeper of coins in the cabinet of Medals of the History Museum from Cluj).
Ancient social history and numismatics are my main teaching fields in the University. › Personal Page

Coin Cabinet of the Library of the Romanian Academy, Bucharest.

Library logo of the Romanian AcademyEstablished in 1911 by M.C. Soutzu, following the model of Cabinet des Médailles de la Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris, is the keeper of the numismatic collection of the Romanian Academy (born in the second half of the XIXth century) and the institution charged to research, publish and maintain her visibility.
The collection owns more than 150000 of antique, Byzantine, medieval, Islamic and modern coins, medals, seals and weights. › See letter of support (.pdf) › Website

Viorel Petac Dr Viorel Emanuel Petac Researcher at Cabinet des Médailles de la Bibliothèque de l’Académie Roumaine, Bucharest; he sustained his Ph.D. in 2001 with a thesis about the monetary circulation in the Roman Dacia. His special field of interest concerns the Greek and Roman coins. He published in the last years several volumes about the numismatic collections of the Romanian Academy. His actual researches concern the Lysimachus type staters and tetradrachm from the West-Pontic Greek cities.
The COST project offer the opportunity to make new institutional contacts, hearing and seeing new collections, knowing directly researchers in the same field of interest. Working together we can achieve a better understanding of the monetary circulation and upon the denominations connections in a world without borders, but in Ancient times.

The museum of the National Bank of Romania.

museum of the National Bank of RomaniaDestroyed by the communist regime, the museum was restored in 1997. It possesses a rich collection of ancient, medieval and modern coins, bank notes and various types of documents on monetary and banking history. The keepers of the Museum are in charge of organizing periodic seminars and publishing books on economic history and numismatics. › Website

Mihai Dima Dr Mihai Dima Keeper of the Museum of the National Bank of Romania. Main area of research: Greek and Roman numismatics. Other areas of research: Byzantine and modern numismatics. He considers that the COST project will give the possibility to inform the public about the phenomena of past monetary unifications and current trends, what is appropriate in the case of Romania, who is preparing for the introduction of Euro.

History Museum of Suceava.

coat of arms of Suceava Located in the former capital of Moldavia, one of its most important medieval trading cities, the museum has large collections of archeology and numismatics, including of medieval European, Islamic and modern coins. The collection was created at the end of the nineteenth century.

Monica Dejan Dr Monica Dejan Archaeologist at the Museum of History of Suceava. Main area of research: Medieval Archaeology and Numismatics. Other areas of research: modern history and numismatics. The COST project will be challenging for own research, as the issue of monetary unification was a great interest in the history of the region.

The Romanian Numismatic Society.

The Romanian Numismatic Societywas established in 1903, having M.C. Soutzu as President, until his death, one of he oldest from Europe, he has a great influence in the development of the numismatic researches in Romania, organizing the most important and valuable coin collectors (W. Knechtel, R. Netzhammer, C. Orghidan, L. Ruzicka, G. Severeanu), keeping them together with real scientists as M.C. Sutzu and C. Moisil, around the Cabinet des Medailles de la Bibliotheque de l’Academie Roumanie and editing the first Romanian numismatic special publications (Bulletin of the Romanian Numismatic Society, still existing more then 100 years and Numismatic and archaeological chronicle). Maintaining his identity and activity during the communist period, the Numismatic Society – older then 100 years – continue today to serve and promote the numismatic science, with the sustain of the Romanian Academy. › See letter of support (.pdf)

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